Leaves will soon be on the ground, but trees still require attention. Mid-winter is really a great time to prune most non-flowering trees.
Trees are dormant in the winter, making pruning simpler because you can better see a tree's structure when no leaves are on the branches. With out leaves it's simpler to spot dead or broken branches that have to be removed to be able to steer clear of breakage due to harsh winter weather.
Deciding what and exactly where to prune involves an understanding of fundamental tree biology, sharp tools, and an artful eye. Bob Ray emphasizes a few easy principles to know before you prune:
Prune with a purpose-Remove dead or diseased wood, provide clearance, or enhance the tree's structure
Use proper technique-Improper cuts can trigger long-term harm.
Make little cuts- Creates much less damage to the tree than big cuts.
Make cuts just outside the branch collar- Allows for faster wound closer.
Do not leave stubs.
Only use sharp and clean tools.
When in doubt it is best to hire a professional arborist to complete the pruning for you.
If pruning a tree can't be done with out using power equipment or leaving the ground, then it should be always be done by an ISA Certified Arborist.
Pruning of big trees may be dangerous and should be performed by an expert